Despite the adoption of a new constitution in 2016, which was presented as a way to strengthen democratic institutions in the country, issues including the accountability of security forces and independence of the judicial system remain of concern in Algeria. While the state of emergency was lifted in 2011, fundamental freedoms remain restricted, demonstrations are still prohibited in the capital, and gatherings continue to be suppressed countrywide. At the same time, bloggers, journalists, and human rights defenders exercising their peaceful right to freedom of expression operate under a constant threat of prosecution.

Perpetrators of grave human rights and humanitarian law violations committed during the 1990s – including torture, enforced disappearances, and extrajudicial executions – have been granted a blanket amnesty by virtue of the 2006 National Charter for Peace and Reconciliation. The Charter also impedes any truth and justice process as it criminalises the public mention of crimes of the past, thus effectively muzzling the voices of victims and their families who wish to address these violations publicly and pursue remedies.

Corruption remains an issue, and the country maintained one of the lowest rankings worldwide on Transparency International’s 2017 Corruption Perceptions Index. The lack of public trust in state institutions is also illustrated by the record low participation in the latest legislative elections of 2017.

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Country legislation

Constitution (AR/FR)

Charter for peace and national reconciliation (AR/FR)

Criminal Code (AR/FR)

Law on associations

Information Code (AR/FR)

Decree 02-47 approving the internal regulations of the National Consultative Commission for the Protection and Promotion of Human Rights (AR/FR)

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Latest news
Latest Reports
Human Rights Instruments
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)
ICCPR ratified?
ICCPR ratified on
Has the Human Rights Committee individual complaint mechanism been accepted?
ICCPR Optional Protocol 1 ratified on
Has the second Optional Protocol of the ICCPR (abolition of the death penalty) been ratified?
Human Rights Committee Concluding Observations last issued on
Next Human Rights Committee state report due on
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment (UNCAT)
UNCAT ratified?
UNCAT ratified on
Has the Optional Protocol to the UNCAT been ratified?
Has a National Preventive Mechanism against torture been created?
Has the confidential inquiry procedure been accepted?
Has the individual complaint procedure been accepted?
Committee against Torture (CAT) Concluding Observations last issued on
Next CAT state report due on
OVERDUE - State party did not submit report on time
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (ICPPED)
ICPPED ratified?
Human Rights Council
Last Universal Periodic Review (UPR) held on
Next Universal Periodic Review to be held on
Membership of Human Rights Council:
  • 2006-2007 / 2016
National Human Rights Institution
Accreditation with the Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI)