Despite having ratified the core international human rights treaties, a number of Morocco’s laws and policies continue to restrict fundamental rights and freedoms. Such laws and policies predominantly relate to issues considered politically sensitive, such as counter-terrorism and state security. The anti-terrorism legislation adopted in the aftermath of the Casablanca bombings of May 2003 – which broadly defines terrorism and lowers legal safeguards – remains in force.

Other politically sensitive issues include the status of Western Sahara and the monarchical system of governance. Journalists and activists remain at risk of being charged and prosecuted for "insulting the king" or "undermining territorial integrity" for comments made on such issues. Although the Press Code no longer contains prison terms for press offences, the Penal Code continues to criminalise a range of non-violent offences related to free speech.

The excessive use of force by police and security agents to disperse protests critical of the government or those demanding improvements in socio-economic conditions in impoverished regions are of increasing concern. Activists involved in organising marches or demonstrations face abuse and unfair trials



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Country legislation

Constitution (FR)

Law on the fight against terrorism (FR)

Law on torture (FR)

Criminal Code (AR/FR)

Press code (FR)

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Human Rights Instruments
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)
ICCPR ratified?
ICCPR ratified on
Has the Human Rights Committee individual complaint mechanism been accepted?
Has the second Optional Protocol of the ICCPR (abolition of the death penalty) been ratified?
Human Rights Committee Concluding Observations last issued on
Next Human Rights Committee state report due on
OVERDUE - State party did not submit report on time
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment (UNCAT)
UNCAT ratified?
UNCAT ratified on
Has the Optional Protocol to the UNCAT been ratified?
Has a National Preventive Mechanism against torture been created?
Has the confidential inquiry procedure been accepted?
Has the individual complaint procedure been accepted?
Committee against Torture (CAT) Concluding Observations last issued on
Next CAT state report due on
OVERDUE - State party did not submit report on time
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (ICPPED)
ICPPED ratified?
ICPPED ratified on
Has the ICPPED individual communication procedure been accepted?
Has the ICPPED inquiry procedure been accepted?
Next CED state report due on
OVERDUE - State party did not submit report on time
Human Rights Council
Last Universal Periodic Review (UPR) held on
Next Universal Periodic Review to be held on
Membership of Human Rights Council:

2007 / 2016

National Human Rights Institution
Accreditation with the Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI)