Despite Qatar’s ratification of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights in 2018, the right to freedom of opinion and expression is still not guaranteed. In fact, the Penal Code criminalises criticism of the emir, while national media outlets cannot report freely. Free expression online is jeopardised by Law on Combating Cybercrimes, which contains exceedingly broad provisions, leaving room for misinterpretation and abuse.

In the context of counter-terrorism, Qatar violates legal safeguards and fair trial rights. Qatari legislation is lacking sufficient and clear limitations to incommunicado and secret detention, and a number of laws – including the Law on Combating Terrorism – include provisions allowing for the derogation from legal safeguards enshrined in the Code of Criminal Procedure in cases related to national security and public order.

In June 2017, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain severed relations with Doha over its alleged support of terrorist groups. They then imposed land, sea and air blockades and expelled Qatari nationals from their countries, affecting thousands of families in the Gulf and violating their right to mobility, education and medical treatment.

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Human Rights Instruments
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)
ICCPR ratified?
ICCPR ratified on
Next Human Rights Committee state report due on
OVERDUE - State party did not submit report on time
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment (UNCAT)
UNCAT ratified?
UNCAT ratified on
Has the Optional Protocol to the UNCAT been ratified?
Has a National Preventive Mechanism against torture been created?
Has the confidential inquiry procedure been accepted?
Committee against Torture (CAT) Concluding Observations last issued on
Next CAT state report due on
OVERDUE - State party did not submit report on time
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (ICPPED)
ICPPED ratified?
Human Rights Council
Last Universal Periodic Review (UPR) held on
Next Universal Periodic Review to be held on
Membership of Human Rights Council:

2010 / 2013 / 2017

National Human Rights Institution
Accreditation with the Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI)