Since March 2015, Yemen is stage to an armed conflict between several rivalling fractions in which the main adversaries are forces loyal to the Hadi government, backed by the Saudi-led Coalition, and forces affiliated to the Houthis. All parties to the conflict have committed violations of international humanitarian and human rights law, with the civilian population bearing the highest cost. The three year-long conflict combined with embargos and sieges have plunged the MENA region’s poorest country into the largest humanitarian crisis worldwide.

Civilians have suffered numerous indiscriminate attacks perpetrated by the different parties to the conflict, mostly through shelling and bombing. They were often directly targeted, and attacks were conducted without respect for the principles of distinction, proportionality and precaution. What is more, the use of banned cluster munition has been well-documented, in total disregard of civilian lives. Moreover, the practices of arbitrary detention and enforced disappearance remain widespread.

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International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)
ICCPR ratified?
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Has the Human Rights Committee individual complaint mechanism been accepted?
Has the second Optional Protocol of the ICCPR (abolition of the death penalty) been ratified?
Human Rights Committee Concluding Observations last issued on
Next Human Rights Committee state report due on
OVERDUE - State party did not submit report on time
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment (UNCAT)
UNCAT ratified?
UNCAT ratified on
Has the Optional Protocol to the UNCAT been ratified?
Has a National Preventive Mechanism against torture been created?
Has the confidential inquiry procedure been accepted?
Committee against Torture (CAT) Concluding Observations last issued on
Next CAT state report due on
OVERDUE - State party did not submit report on time
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (ICPPED)
ICPPED ratified?
Human Rights Council
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National Human Rights Institution